A White Army Russian Revolution (1881 Pattern) dragoon's sabre
with German made scabbard, the sword Zlatoust made 1906-7.
This is a shaska (cavalry sabre) which was carried by a soldier
loyal to the Czar during the Russian Revolution and the civil war
that followed it. Made in the Zlatoust armaments factory (blade
dated 1906, hilt dated 1907), the hilt is regimentally marked in
How I know this was a White Army sword is the fact it comes with
a tailor made German scabbard with German regimental designations
stamped on it. The Russian white army was supported and fought alongside
the Germans against the newly formed Red Army in 1918 / 1919. The
Germans actually invaded Russia and a new White Russian Republic
was proclaimed with Germany's consent. Germany envisaged an independent
state involving Poland, the Ukraine, the Baltic State and large
sections of Russia coming under German military protection and with
that being allied to Germany and the so-called "Central Powers".
Lithuania was a key component in this plan as this is where most
of the White Russians lived at the time. After initial successes
which saw the German - White Russian alliance come close to taking
Moscow, they suffered defeats while the White Army lost its foreign
support; the remnants of the Czars army and supporters fled to foreign
lands. This sword therefore almost certainly is from that failed
German sponsored attempt to reinstate White Russia.
The inside of the scabbard throat is stamped 80 to correspond with
the "80" of the regiment / troop / issue number on the
exterior of the scabbard itself. The scabbard is a perfect fit and
clearly was a mandated replacement for this shaska's original Russian
wooden, brass and leather scabbard. The blade has clearly seen military
action with a series of nicks to the front cutting edge; the blade
itself is a little pitted, more so near the tip, but is sound and
still shows the blade markings clearly. The blade is firm in the
hilt, the hilt is firm too, the scabbard fits well. Although many
mostly reproduction shaskas are available on the market, very few
are genuine and even fewer come with any provenance, especially
White army provenance. Therefore this is an exceptionally rare sword.
Further / full sized pictures upon request. Item reference number
is 104 (85).