Exceptional French - Dutch - Belgium AN XIII
Cuirassier Sabre (sold)
This is an original clipped point French AN XIII Cuirassier sabre
in very good condition made with a very rare Liège (Belgium)
blade for a Dutch Kurassier serving in Napoleon's army, which almost
certainly then went on to see service against the French at Waterloo!
If you only own one AN XIII Cuirassier sabre, this is the one.
From 1810 to 1814 Holland (then including Belgium) was incorporated
into the French Republic under Napoleon. The 2nd Dutch Cuirassiers
became the 14th Regiment of Cuirassiers in the French Grande Armée.
The Dutch Kurassiers served for Napoleon in the Russian Campaign
This French / Dutch / Belgium AN XIII was obviously commissioned
before the 100 Day War / Waterloo because the hilt is marked to
Versailles and the Versailles director's stamp is a C under a star
for Châteaubrun who held the post from July to December 1813.
The scabbard and the blade though were made in Belgium; the blade
is marked to Hanquet and Company in Liege (Belgium) and the scabbard
has the two throat screws unique to the Dutch / Belgiums; the markings
on the scabbard. The grip likewise has many more twisted wire /
ring bindings turns than for the French; the grip was made under
special order for the Dutch.
This sabre quite possibly saw action against the advancing Russian
army in the famous 16th October 1813 charge of the French (and Dutch)
cuirassiers at Leipzig. The 14th Regiment of Dutch / Belgian Cuirassiers
suffered enormously. In 1814 due to the transition of power in the
"Low Countries" to the Allied Prince of Orange, what was
left of the Dutch / Belgian element of the 14th French Cuirassiers
were confined to barracks.
In the Autumn / Fall of 1814 the 2nd Belgian Carabineers (2ième
Régiment de Carabiniers) were formed and most of the Dutch
remnants of the 14th Regiment of Cuirassiers joined the new heavy
cavalry regiment. Most of the officers and men were highly experienced
from their days serving under Napoleon. Now allied to Britain and
Prussia, the 2nd Belgian Carabineers served with distinction at
Waterloo against the French. Although the Belgiums / Dutch introduced
their own Kurassier sabre (the Model 1814 / Mk 3 - modeled on the
French design), because they were very short of arms, any and all
former French weapons were used as well. The scabbard and its markings
indicate the sword was still being carried by the First Belgian
Cuirrasier Regiment, who formed after Waterloo. It is therefore
also quite likely this sabre saw action at Waterloo against the
French, which makes it a very rare AN XIII indeed.
The 97.5 cm blade is the original and untouched / unmodified clipped
point (the Dutch and Belgiums never used spear point), which makes
it very rare and sought after in itself. The blade is firm in the
hilt, the hilt is in very good order, the grip and ring bindings
are excellent and I believe from some sign of aging, are original.
This is the rarest and probably most sought after AN XIII and I
trust you can understand why. The prospect this sabre saw action
for the French against the Russians and then in a reversal of loyalties
against the French at Waterloo makes this a very rare and evocative
piece of history. I doubt I will ever see another and know my chances
of owning one again are next to none. Further / full sized pictures
available upon request. Item reference number 106 (83)